Owain Glyn Dwr (Shakespeare's Owen Glendower) is one of the most iconic characters in all of Welsh history. Descended from native princely stock, when an increasingly intolerable English hegemony coincided with the advent of an unpopular English king, he was the natural choice of many of his nation to lead them out of oppressive English rule. Such a leader had been foreseen by Welsh prophets for centuries as Y Mab Darogan or The Son of Prophecy.
A gentleman lawyer by training but a warrior by inclination and experience, Glyn Dwr was persuaded by passionate and patriotic Welsh gentry to take up arms against the new English king. Through skilful military strategy, deft diplomacy and impressive personal charisma, he sustained an intelligent campaign that almost brought an anxious English regime to its knees and which so helped to mould the Welsh nation that we see today that one cannot wholly appreciate modern Wales, let alone its history, without understanding something of that campaign and its legendary leader. Moreover, anyone with a general or professional interest in the history of Wales or in early fifteenth-century Britain needs to appreciate the magnitude and effect of Owain Glyn Dwr’s revolt.